How to choose the best Air Purifier for smoke

How to Choose the Best Air Purifier For Smoke

With the technology being on the daily rise in growth, there are very many different air purifiers that are available in the market today. Choosing the best air purifier for smoke will not only depend on an individual’s personal needs but will also depend on whether the purifier is able to meet the right standards. Before choosing an air purifier, there are different factors that need to be put into consideration, which are:-

Type of purifier

Best air purifier for smoke

There are different types of purifiers that are available in the market today. All serve the same purpose but they might have different mechanisms in how they operate. Some purifiers use filters to clean the air from contaminants and allergens while others like the ionizing purifier use an electric field to get rid of the contaminants in the air. The choice of the type of purifier will solely depend on where it will be placed and how vital it is to the user. For instance, the need for a purifier to a sickly person will not be as important as the need of a purifier to someone who is only buying it for decorative purposes. Some purifiers need regular replacement of filters while others like the electrical air purifier do not need any replacement of air filters.


The cost of the air purifier will depend on the quality as well as the size of the purifier. It is important to get a quality purifier that has been well in the market for quite some time. This way, one is sure of the reliability and credibility of the air purifier once purchased. The cost of the purifier will depend on the placement of the purifier as well. An air purifier that is intended for a hospital ward or a children’s nursery will definitely cost more than one that is intended for placement in the household.


An ideal air purifier should always meet the right standards that are required. One will know whether it meets the standards by checking whether it has a label that indicates the rate of effectiveness of the air purifier. Ensuring that one knows the right standards that the air purifier should meet will help stay clear of faulty air purifiers and also from poor quality purifiers.


An air purifier that is considered reliable should meet the specific needs of the user, meet the correct air purifier standards and should be durable and above all should fall well within the budget range of the user. A reliable purifier will also have little or no technical faults and will not need regular replacement of filters. It will also need minimal maintenance.


How to choose the best air purifier for smoke

An air purifier is simply intended for the removal of contaminants from the surrounding air. The simper the air purifier is the more effective it will prove to be. With the many air purifiers that are readily available in the market today and also at very affordable prices, there some air purifiers that emit very minimal amounts of ozone gas which is known to irritate the lungs. It is imperative to get a good quality air purifier that will serve its purpose for a long time.

How to Buy an Air Purifier

How to Buy an Air Purifier

An air purifier can simply be defined as a device that extracts contaminants from the air. It is highly recommended for people who are atopic, are allergic to dust particles and also for asthma patients. It is important to know the general use and benefits of an air purifier before deciding on purchasing one.


How to buy an air purifier

As the name suggests, the air purifier is mainly used to ensure that the air within a certain environment is kept free of allergens, dust particles and generally other harmful particles that may be lurking in the air. This helps sickly people get fresh purified air as well as people who are sensitive to allergens dwell in a clean and healthy environment. It is also beneficial to newborn babies who are still being introduced to the outside world.

How to buy an best air purifier for smoke

Before purchasing any air purifier, here are a few factors that are fundamental and must be considered.

  • Cost – The cost of an air purifier will go hand in hand with the placement and the quality of it. The right purifier will definitely depend on an individual’s budget before anything else. As for the placement, the buyer should consider how many people the air purifier will be intended to benefit as well as the quality of the air purifier. There will not be a need to purchase a costly air purifier that will only serve a countable number of people in the household or wherever the purifier will be placed.
  • Manufacturers Label- Before buying an air purifier, one should be well conversant with the standards the air purifier should meet. The different standards may vary from country to country especially if the purifier is electrical. In most cases, there is a board that approves if the air purifier is safe to use. The board will always offer a label that entails a rate of how effective the air purifier is and a recommended square footage for where it should be placed. This label will ensure that the purifier bought is of good quality and will not lead to future technical flaws and frustrations.
  • Filters- All air purifiers, regardless of the power source have got filters in them. Before purchasing the filters, be sure to check how well they have been rated. The number of filters of the air purifier will depend on the size of the purifier. A large purifier that is intended to be placed in a large room will definitely have more filters. The most important aspect is to ensure how much replaceable features will cost before purchasing an air purifier. If the filters are costly, an electrical filter will be more effective as it does not require replaceable filters.
  • Electronic air purifiers- The electronic air purifiers have rampantly become the most popular purifiers that are in the market today. These purifiers do not require replacement filters but are known to produce a small amount of ozone gas. The ozone gas is known to irritate the lungs, and this puts the purpose of the purifier in the first place in question. It is advised to ensure that the electronic air purifier purchased does not produce any ozone gas and if it does should be very minimal.
  • Model- With the many different models that are available in the market today, getting the perfect model can pose a challenge. The best way of going about this is by purchasing a model that is well known, widespread and has been in the market for quite some time. Being skeptical about purchasing an air purifier that has just landed on the market is advisable. This way, future technical frustrations are avoided.


Purchasing a good air purifier will depend on an individual’s specific needs as well as taste and preferences at the end of the day. It is important to get an air purifier that will not only last long abut will also need very minimal maintenance. A quality air purifier will only require a filter replacement once a year. This will prove to be cost effective, especially if the purifier is intended to serve a large mass of people. An air purifier is recommended in the following areas:

  • Hospital wards
  • Large Offices
  • Children’s Nursery
  • Animal nursery

These are just but a few examples of areas where an air purifier will prove to be very helpful. Modern technology also provides suitable air purifiers that are intended for the homestead.

How an air purifier works

How an air purifier works

Many are the times that one will pass by an air purifier and will not bother to know how it works or the simple mechanism behind it. It is important to know how the air purifier works so that: -

  • One can know how to fix it when it has faults
  • One can easily be able to replace the filters
  • One can easily be able to buy/upgrade an air purifier well knowing its features

To be able to know the difference between the latest model and the old models that is available in the market.

Having a simple knowledge of how the air purifier works will help the user replace an existing air purifier with ease and also stay clear of poor quality models.


How it works

Different air purifiers work differently. To know how a purifier works, one first has to know the different types of air purifier. Here are a few types of air purifiers that are widely used in the market area:


These types of purifier use filters to clean the air by removing small particles from the air. The mechanism used is very simple; a filter housing is usually installed in between the furnace and an air return duct. Thereafter a filter cartridge is then installed into this housing so that any air that flows into the furnace is automatically filtered. The filters are also widely known as air cleaners. The air is purified this way as any dust and allergen particles are simply trapped in filters. This alignment of the filter in between the furnace and the return air duct ensures that the dust particles do not get to the furnace. The filters can be placed in different places depending on the individual. They can be placed in the air return vents of a house or in the house cooling system as well.

The filters can either be made from cotton, synthetic fibers or even fiberglass, bear in mind, however, that the density of the filter material will limit the size of dust particles that will run through it, the denser the material the smaller the amount of particles that will be captured through it. The best recommended type of filters is the pleated filters; they offer a large surface in the area in capturing the dust particles.

Filters can be costly, and they will need to be replaced regularly for them to work effectively.

Ionizing Purifiers

The ionizing purifiers use a simple mechanism known as corona discharge. The purifier releases the discharge into the air, which has an intense but small electric field. Most particles that are rampant in the air have a neutral charge. Once the particles pass through the electrical field, they either attract an extra electron making it positively charged or knock off an electron making it negatively charged. The molecules eventually get into the purifier where there are two metal plates, one that is positively charged and the other negatively charged. The particles are attracted by the metals depending whether they are positively or negatively charged.

Particles in the air that pass through the field will tend to attract each other while in the air, get heavy and eventually they settle down.



Adsorption can simply be defined as the process where a substance is trapped on the surface of another substance. Adsorption is commonly mistaken with absorption, but the main difference is that adsorption goes beyond the surface. The use of adsorbent materials has been well incorporated in most modern purifiers. The adsorbent materials take care of odors, fumes, dust and other particles in the air. A perfect example of an adsorbent material is activated charcoal; it is well known to be porous and has been widely used as an air purifier. A good adsorbent material should offer a good surface area to trap dust particles on it, and it should also have chemical properties that attract other particles as well,

The placement of adsorbent materials will depend on the individual and the number of people the purifier is intended for.


Before using any type of air purifier, it is advisable to know how different air purifiers work and how effective they can be. It is always best to use air purifiers that are widespread and have been available in the market for quite some time, this way their credibility is always spoken for.

How to renew a living room

The living room is always considered as the face of the whole house as the result this room is given high priority in decoration or in case of re-decoration. Sometimes, minor changes can make a big difference, for example, a re-arrangement of the table and chairs can make your living room a different look. There are plenty of ways to make your living room a total brand new one but the tendency now is to create an open and harmonized feeling for the living room, meaning the design and structure of the living room must be combined in the manner that the people living in can enjoy the most all the space and air in the living room.

You can think of some ways to make new change, for instance if everyday your sofa is connected together to make a compete one, then now you can change it a little bit by separating them, putting a piece of them in a certain corner of the living room which is expected to make the room opener and more airy. Normally, people will have the same way to place the sofa in the living room, that is it will be placed as close as possible to the wall and in one corner of the room but it is up to you to decide the way your sofa should be in your living room. You can place them in the middle of the room without sticking to the wall so people can go around it, especially if your family has children so they are free to run around. You can borrow some chairs in the bed room or somewhere else in your house to match with your current sofa to make a new color for it. Another simple thing that people usually make is to change the pillow cover or the coverings of the sofa every 3 month to make the new feeling for it.

You can think of other item in the living room to change it such as you change the curtain. The simple thing is the shape of the curtain, you can leave it full spreading or be held in half or in quarter, different shape of it can create different look for the living room. Moreover, you have a painting in the room, you do not want to spend money to buy a new one but keep the current one can not satisfy you, so why don’t you think of buying a small lamp which can be hung above the painting. Extra light can make a painting a really new look. You can do some hand-made changes with the lamps in the room. Paint the cover of the lamps with different colors or make new covers for them by cutting and holding papers, cloths or any kinds of materials which are available in your house. Or you can work with a carpet, if you have one change it position in the room, in case you do not have yet you can think of buy one.

There can be another bigger technique for you to make your living room new, meaning it will cost you a little bit more effort. For instance, you can repaint all the furniture in the room, actually you do not need to repaint all you just need to work with some of them. You can work with one side of the wall, or you can buy some paper walls to decorate the wall. For the item and device, can use some color papers or cloths to redecorate.






Choose appropriate light for home area

Blur or to clear light can make your eye circulate which can not be good for your eyes and the performance of the house. Therefore, the separating or common space of the house need different level of lights and it can meet the demand of each house owners.

The lights of the area which people travel the most in the house, or in the corridor or the entrance should be indirectly reflected with a lot of lights to create a friendly environment.

Some ways to decorate and adjust lights in the house

– For the narrow and long corridor, the light should be added more by some lamps hung in the corner of the wall to reduce the cold and far feeling of the corridor when people travel in. The distance of the lamps should be taken into consideration also to make sure that the light is appropriately provided.

– The stair should be fully and completely given enough lights, it is better to use the ceiling lamps if the stair is straight, in case the stair has high level of curving then the lamp in the corner is more suitable.

– The living room or the room for getting together should be decorated with a lot of lights but lamps should be easily to adjust meeting the demand of reading books, drinking coffee, talking with visitors and self relaxing. Lamps should not be placed near the television or the mirrors because reflection of lights can be bad for the eyes.

– For the kitchen, besides the main lights for the whole room there should be some extra lights, for example there should be some lamps directly show lights to the surface of the cooker system or processing area so people when cook can see clearly. Normally under the odor processing system there will be some mini lamps which can be hung above the cooker. Or for some modern kitchen shelf there will be a system of small lamps arranged along and in the appropriate areas of the kitchen shelf. For this kind of structure, people can feel it easy to find things and clean things inside the kitchen shelf. Moreover, it can make the kitchen shelf look nicer and more attractive.

– In the dining room, the height of the ceiling lamps should be paid attention because in the dining room the ceiling lamps should not be hung too high, if so the shadow of the face of the people when eating can create uncomfortable feeling. Appropriate height should be given and placed in the middle of the room.

– For the bed room, it is better to use the lamps which can be adjusted near the bed so when people would like to read book it can be easily to adjust and the light will not affect to the sleeping of others in the room. There are now a lot of sleeping lamps which can be adjusted in terms of level of lights and direction. It is better to use the cover of the light which can help to prevent the light to spread to the whole room.

– In case you have to work at home, then the light for working should be placed near the person, far 60cm from the working place. The light source should be in the side of the hand that the person is used to so as to avoid the shadow circumstance. If you have to work with the computer so you should choose the working lamps which can be adjusted the light direction so the lights will not show directly to the monitor of the computer to reduce reflection.

– For the bathroom, you can decorate with the ceiling lamps or the wall lamps, it is fine for both choices. If in the lavabo there is a mirror, so there should be a small lamp in the head of the mirror so you can see the mirror better in any time of the day. Level of lights in the bathroom is very important as it can help to create a cozy and relaxing feeling for the person in the house, especially after hard working hours.



















Tips for designing garage door in the house

Together with the modern life, the living condition of the people is accordingly increasing very fast. Among many other, means of transportation is one of the field of life which is improved a lot, meaning many people can have their own car. For some families they will not have their own place for their private car parking inside their house so they have to park them in some places near the house. But for the rest when they have large area for living then they are going to design a parking area for their private car.

Therefore, when designing the house, the house owners also pay attention to the garage. For some old house, they can think of renewing the house design to have place for the garage. The following tips can give you some hints of how to have an effective and appropriate garage inside the house.

The position of the garage

Of course, the position of the garage should be in the main entrance of the house. In some house, it can be in the back entrance of the house if there are 2 entrances to enter the house. It should be taken into consideration that the track for the car to come in should not be curving or cut the waking path of the house. For the house in the road if the house does not have the length enough to let the garage deep inside so the garage door can be right in the front door near the road. It is better that the garage door should be separated with the main door. It is possible that inside the garage there will be one back door which can lead to the house, in case it can not so it is fine. For more design of the garage door, you can have a look at the link

Area and size of the garage

Actually, the area of the garage has depended on the size and number of the car of the family. For the normal car garage, the minimum size for 4 seat car is 3 m * 4 m and 3 m * 5,5 m for the 4 seat car with long body. However, because one garage can not have only one car, there can be some motorbikes, bicycles or even some more cars so the appropriate size for the garage should be bigger than the above normal data. Only with this size, people can feel comfortable when using the garage. The suitable size for a garage with one care, 2-3 motorbikes can be around 3,5 m * 5,5 m. In fact, the real size for each garage will depend on the size of the house and the number of vehicle which is going to be placed inside so it is up to each family to decide, except the thing that the free space must be enough for people to travel and to do other things such as repairing or cleaning.

Design of the ceiling, the wall and the floor of the garage

In fact, the design of the ceiling, the wall and the floor of the garage should be designed simply to reduce and save the cost. The wall and the ceiling should be built normally with plain cover. The paint using for the wall and the ceiling should be the one which can be easily cleaned and against dust. The floor should be bricked with some material which is not sloppy and durable, and it must be easy to clean also. You can use the natural rock to brick the floor or granite which is available in the market. In general, there is no need to invest so much into the ceiling, wall and floor of the garage, what is needed is just to keep the floor flat, not sloppy and easy to clean.

Light and wind

It is better that the owner should use the natural lights to get into the garage through the small windows in the walls or in the roof. In the garage, it should be used with the neon or compact lamps to have enough light as well as to save electricity. It is very important in the garage that the wind and air can go in and out of the garage, there should be a windy fan so the smoke of the care as well as the smell of petrol will not be stick inside the garage, it can be flown to outside. It is even more important when in the garage there is the way to the main house so the bad smoke and smell can come easily to the house.

Water supply and drainage for the garage

There should be a system of water supply and drainage in a garage to serve the purpose of cleaning the car if needed. It is very convenient even though you do not have the habit of cleaning the car inside the house. Besides the water tap, you can arrange the basin to clean hands or to clean things in the garage. Good water drainage system can help you to keep your garage clean and dry.

To keep things such as boom, repairing things and some other stuff you can arrange the shelf which can help you to keep things in a good manner in the garage.

Security for the garage

It is prohibited to put anything which is easily to burn in the garage. There should be a typical drawer to hold substance such as petrol, gas and other items and stuffs of the vehicle in the garage and these things must be out of the reach of the children. The system of fire and smoke alarming is extremely important because garage can be the place which is very easy to get burn. One more thing that people should know is that it is not allowed for the user to start the engine when the garage door is still closed.

The use of shotgun

Shotgun is usually designed to fire when resting on the shoulder, and fired bullets is a collection of small bullets as pepper (only high damage when used at close range) or special ammunition and large (used for distance) sometimes inside can be explosive or other things like chemicals … (then it will be called special ammo). Shotgun has many different variations of caliber 5.5 mm (.22 inch) to 5 cm (2 inch) and smooth-bore shooting modes and different loader loaded from the rear (type 1, 2 or more members barreled rifle), loaded by pulling the pump or spindle loaded with the shooting mode as each member, semi-automatic or even fully automated.

Shotgun is designed with smooth-bore this means that this is not a rifle. Earlier also smooth-bore guns muskets are widely used in the military in the 18th century it was the forerunner of today’s shotgun. Shotgun is often used by organizations and individuals for many different purposes, including the violent repression and self-defense. They are often used by cavalry because of its short length and ease of use or the coachman for damage to their very high range close to combat the threat (only a destination winners taking down a bear is working to close that gap ineffective rifle pistol is still too weak). But in the 19th century guns loaded shotgun from the first barrel was replaced with loaded gun from behind which more accurately the range and speed far faster reloading. Value of the military activities of the shotgun is shown from the World War I when the US military use of shotgun ammunition used 12-gauge pump-style bullet to fight in the battle roar Games boasts very efficient. Since the shotgun that has been developed to use for many different purposes in the military, duty forces and civilians.

The fragments of shotgun shells occupy all directions after the gun out and shot power is divided equally for each shrapnel all means that the strength of each shrapnel damage will be very low if fired at a distance because of the shrapnel will radiate directions (even if they do not hit the target penetration is due to become too weak) so distant ammunition almost useless, but if close-range shot and shrapnel that hit target the very high level of damage caused by the sharp shells will damage the target in many different positions. In the hunt shotgun very effective when shooting birds and small animals have been difficult to hit if you use conventional guns and small shrapnel does not take much booty as they hit the target. Still duty force a lot of shotgun ammunition special use makes it useful as a weapon melee weapons or protection. Shotgun is also used in many sports such as hunting or shooting moving targets (such as indigenous).

Here are some uses of shotgun

  • Shotgun was used by most of the cavalry. All the warring parties in the American Civil War were fitted shotgun. The US cavalry shotgun used extensively during the Indian wars. The cavalry tactics favored weapons ability to hit moving targets as well as its power at close range, very suitable for cavalry which always move at high speed and close combat compared with other forces. Shotgun is also favored by the militias and the same force. It is used to protect the fort in the Battle of the Alamo in Texas battlefield conflict with Mexico. Except for the cavalry force, shotgun rarely is used by other units on the battlefield during the 19th century, this type of self-defense weapons commonly used by the Calendar guard to protect and enforce the rights . Anyway shotgun has become one of the symbols of the old American West. The short version loaded double-barreled shotgun from behind the very popular by the guards of trains against the bandits in the narrow train. The passenger carrying the safe usually have at least one personal bodyguard farming equipment shotgun in the front near the top of the train carriage beside the helmsman. Shotgun is a self-defense weapon is very common in the western United States before it requires skill to use less of the type of pistol.
  • Currently shotgun (variable in air rifle center ) maintains its reputation as a hunting rifle used in the hunt all from small to large birds such as deer. The versatility of this weapon growing up with a variety of different bullets are designed to make the special shotgun ammunition that help to further damage and accuracy. Shotgun breathed into something very common tool of the hunter.
  • In addition, today shotgun is also used as a hunting rifle to decorate the interior walls teaser. This creates an unique and new style to the house. The owner is the one who has strong personalities, like the prominent attraction choose shotguns to decorate the living room where mostly show his style. This creates the imposing and attractive house.

Ideals for your garden

Do you want to add some new fresh emotion to your balcony, terrace, patio or your lovely garden? Is there any ways to make up them instead of using a flower pot?. However, in this post, we don’t mention to the available vases in many shops outside but something special and bold of your unique style.

Flower garden full of sunshine and colors brings the natural fresh air from the autumn to your house. You can use the out of date bags, old fashioned shoes, second hand hats for your beloved garden. You don’t need to care much about the whole spaces of your garden but one corner is enough and make it more outstanding, spacious to abstract the romantic and sweet autumn.

Following are some reckless ideas for decorating your garden by taking use of the old useless objects in your house

  • Old bags

If your beloved house has a small garden, you can take use of the secondhand objects to make your house’s space more beautiful and unique day by day. The out of date bags that were not for main use any more can be used as flower vases. Hanging them on the fences , you can see that their colors combined with the green beauty of trees bring the spaces the unique and interesting beauty.

  • Water tanks

The steps of the house are becoming colorful and lively by the water tanks. Without any sophisticated decoration, the alley to your house is still naturally beautiful and bold of the personal style by the impressive creation.

  • Paints

The attraction from the colors is helping your garden brighter. Don’t hesitate to paint the fences and pots with your favorite colors to make the outside space more attractive by this way of decoration.

  • Old ladder

An old ladder and some painting boxes are enough to bring the special attraction to your garden’s corner. The warm sunshine of the autumn makes the flowers more colorful. It does not charge you a lot of money to walk in your beloved garden and enjoying the peaceful and fresh air.

  • Dry twigs

When your house is available with materials, you can use the dry twigs to make up a small wooden chair. It will be the place to put the colorful flower vases to show the warmest welcoming to the guests.

  • Teacups

You will be absolute surprised to see the beauty of the old teacups with the various colors and types in your house’s steps.

Design for everyone


As the first wave of baby boomers hits their “golden years,” there is a growing demand for housing that

meets their changing physical needs. According to the U.S. Census, by the year 2020 over 20 percent of

the U.S. population will be over age 65. A 2005 survey of its Maryland members conducted by AARP

finds that 84 percent of respondents wanted to stay in their own homes for the long term. If you add the

number of people disabled by injury or disease who require accessible, or barrier-free, homes, the need

for changes in housing

design is even greater.


What are the physical challenges that the older and disabled population face in a traditional home?

Wheelchair users often find they cannot get into a bathroom because the doorway is too narrow. Or

they get stuck in the bathroom for hours because there isn’t enough space to turn the wheelchair

around or exit. In addition, light switches, thermostats, and door locks may be unreachable from a

wheelchair. Adding grab bars in a bathroom seems simple enough, but walls typically must be reinforced

to handle the extra weight and give proper support. Installing door levers could improve the life of an

arthritis suffer who finds turning doorknobs difficult.

Understand the terminology

Before homeowners can modify their houses or apartments to adapt to present or future physical

needs, they must first understand the key design terminology involved. “Handicapped accessible,”

“barrier free,” and “universal design” are often used interchangeably but are really very different.

Knowing the distinctions is key to determining one’s housing needs and clearly communicating with

architects, contractors, and local housing authorities.

The first two terms deal with the issue of access as it specifically relates to the disabled. Symbolized by

the blue-and-white wheelchair logo called the International Symbol of Access (ISA) and often loosely

defined, handicapped accessible design can mean everything from minimal ramps and wider doorways

to fully accessible bathrooms with roll-in showers.

If the ISA symbol is displayed on a building, there must be at least one accessible entrance and an

accessible route to the building’s internal spaces. However, the building’s purpose, its age, and updated

regulations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 indicate whether other accessible

provisions must be made. For instance, a barrier-free apartment built in the late 1980s or early 1990s

might only feature wider doorways, a ramp in front of the building, and a parking space marked with the

ISA symbol. These were the minimal recommendations required by law when the ADA was passed. But

new construction must comply with stricter ADA Standards for Accessible Design

(, as published in Title III regulations that the Justice Department issued as

part of the Code of Federal Regulations, July 1, 1994. Thus, you will more likely find in newer buildings

roll-in showers, grab bars, and lowered peep holes.

Removing barriers for everyone

Barrier-free design basically means removing architectural barriers such as stairs or curbs to

accommodate people with disabilities, and ADA accessibility standards include barrier-free design. But

as the late Ronald Mace, founder of the Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University

and the “father of UD,” stressed in a 1998 speech entitled “Designing for the 21st Century” , universal

design (UD) is not mandated by ADA regulations.

Instead, UD takes barrier-flee design to a whole new level by applying it to all people, not just the

disabled. The concept assumes that we will all have some sort of disability at some stage of our lives.

True universal design aims to make living spaces and other environments usable to anyone at any age

and physical ability and allows people to “age in place” in their homes throughout their lifetime.

Homeowners have so much to consider when UD or even basic accessibility is a goal.

A project as simple as building a ramp can become more complicated than expected because achieving

the correct slope is essential. Many projects, such as knocking out walls to widen doors and hallways, or

remodeling a bathroom to install a roll-in shower, sometimes involve more work and skill than a do-it-

yourselfer can achieve without the help of a professional contractor. In addition, any remodeling or

construction of a single-family home must comply with state and local building codes, while multifamily

dwellings (i.e., apartments) and commercial and public buildings are subject to federal housing and ADA

laws to prevent discrimination.

Designing your UD collection

The following bibliography focuses on resources that draw on UD principles for building and remodeling

interior and exterior living spaces. When the Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines  were updated in

1991, publishers like McGraw-Hill and John Wiley released a number of useful titles. Unfortunately,

publishing on this topic has since been sporadic. Titles tend to go out of print quickly and are rarely

reprinted, so don’t be too quick to weed in this area.

A few out-of-print (o.p.) books are worth hanging onto if they are already in your collection: The

Accessible Home: Updating Your Home for Changing Physical Needs (Creative Pub. Intl. 2003. ISBN 978-

1-58923-061-3); Mary Jo Peterson’s Universal Kitchen and Bathroom Planning: Design That Adapts to

People (McGraw-Hill. 1999. ISBN 978-0-07-049980-5; LJ 2/1/00); and Joann Woy’s Accessible Gardening:

Tips & Techniques for Seniors & the Disabled (Stackpole. 1997. ISBN 978-0-8117-2652-8). Or

consider ordering them from an o.p. supplier. However, there is a vast amount of up-

to-date information available online, and a number of web sites are listed here.

Starred [*] titles are considered core acquisitions for any collection.

Cabin Fever


Powder is addictive–so when a Wisconsin couple got a taste of Steamboat’s fluff 10 years ago, they

needed a permanent fix.


snowshoeing through Steamboat Springs, Colo.’s legendary champagne powder, 51-year-old Cath is

glowing. She’s describing her and husband Tom’s new getaway just steps from the lifts, and she keeps

repeating two words: “dream home.” That’s what happens, she says, when you spend the past decade

of your life, well, dreaming. “Our realtor kept his eye out for a ski-in/ski-out property for four years

before he discovered this lot,” Cath says. “And I just purchased the property sight unseen, without

having a chance to consult Tom,” who works as an orthopedic surgeon in Wisconsin.

“The lot was small, only .31 acres,” admits architect Joe Robbins, of Joe Patrick Robbins &

Associates in Steamboat. “But my team was interested in building a home that didn’t have too large a

footprint, one where we could use sustainable techniques such as passive solar heating and materials

that would keep the clients happy and healthy.”

Though final plans called for a not-so-modest 8,200 square feet, Robbins and general

contractor Gary Cogswell of Cogswell Construction Inc. stacked the home on the lot to make it

compact. They employed recycled wood in every capacity–doors, flooring, siding,

cabinetry. Large Douglas fir beams from a 19th-century gold mine in Oregon frame the house,

and reclaimed-fir barn boards were stripped and refinished for the flooring. Native buff flagstone paves

the entryway.

“We envisioned the home looking like an old mine,” says Cath, gesturing to the wall of purple moss rock

that dominates the entry. Masons hand-fit each stone into place like pieces of an intricate puzzle. The

result is striking, but not overwhelming–a testament to Robbins’s ability to design a large home on a

comfortable scale.

To the left of the entry, the dining room, kitchen and living room are decorated in an

understated Western aesthetic. “I didn’t want our home to be a bastion of Old West relics,” says Cath. “I

wanted it to be comfortable for our teenagers, their friends and our countless visitors.”

The home sleeps up to 16 people, and each of its

six bedrooms is equipped with a full bath and offers plenty of

“quiet space” where guests can escape. “Each room has its own character,” says interior designer Lynne

Bier, of Home on the Range in Steamboat. Room by room, Cath and Bier spent years

searching for the perfect furnishings, fabrics and one-of-a-kind pieces. A powder room, for example,

resembles an old mine-shack outhouse, with a corrugated steel ceiling, a washtub

sink and old mining lanterns hanging opposite an antique mirror. The home also employs a distinct

divide between the adults’ and kids’ areas, with a sophisticated living room on the main level and a

bunkroom and theater in the basement.

A towering, double-sided fireplace separates the living room from

the open kitchen/dining area, where wide-plank floors and antique white-oak cabinets make the home

feel as if it’s been there for 100 years. Window seats and a breakfast bar give guests–who tend to gather

there–a place to relax and talk while Cath cooks. A custom copper hood pulls out the gold flecks in the

granite countertops. But Cath’s favorite feature is the built-in cappuccino machine hidden in the dry

goods pantry. “I rarely pass by without grabbing an espresso,” she says with a laugh.

No doubt both Tom and Cath need a few jolts of caffeine to keep up with their three teenage children.

The couple learned to ski in their mid-30s at Whistler, B.C., but for the past 13 years, the family’s been

hooked on Steamboat’s glades and powder. In the basement, Robbins designed a ski room complete

with boot drying racks, a tuning and waxing bench, ski and snowboard racks and storage cubicles.

“We had so much fun designing this home. We all wanted it to be a reflection of our love of the West,”

says Cath. “The home is much better than any one of us could have pictured it on our own,” adds

Robbins. “We definitely struck gold.”


WELL WEATHERED: This page: The kitchen is a study in recycled materials, including antique cabinets

and wide-plank hickory floors salvaged from the side of a Midwestern barn. Interior designer Lynne Bier

crafted a window seat for Cath to rest her feet on while browsing through cookbooks or taking respite

from the day’s activities. “It took several trips back to the drawing board to get the layout just right,”

Bier notes. Opposite: In the living room, the color palette–plum-hued browns, muted reds and mossy

greens–is inspired by the variegated hues of the purple moss-rock fireplace. Bier’s goal was to create a

Rocky Mountain aesthetic while avoiding Western cliches.


MIX MASTER: Opposite: The master bedroom is Cath’s favorite space. With a deft

combination of textures and colors, Bier made the room come alive. A coral-hued Oriental antique

sideboard adds an unexpected twist. “I try to mix different pieces from different periods,” says Bier.

Above: “I had to include an indoor ‘outhouse,’ ” says Cath, referring to the barn board-clad powder

room. Authentic touches–gas lamps, a washtub sink and a faucet

reminiscent of a mining spigot–maintain the clever theme. Top right: A bedroom

nook provides a window seat overlooking Steamboat Mountain Resort. “Every bedroom has a view to

the slopes,” says Robbins. “After all, the family waited 10 years for this piece of land, and I wanted to

make sure they could appreciate it every day.”

Kate Bailey